The National Arena for Combating Poverty
In WP 5 the COPE agenda is to analyse how different countries cope with the challenge of a multi-dimensional, multilevel and multi-stakeholder approach, which affects European-national-local approaches of an integrated and participatory active inclusion po. We analyse how national arenas for combating poverty structure minimum income schemes for lone mothers, long-term unemployed and working poor. National arenas define the opportunities and problems of introducing active inclusion reforms. As COPE’s analysis concentrates on the implications national policy procedures have on programmatic orientation and organisational issues of minimum income schemes, it fills a gap in the research on minimum income programmes, which has so far only concentrated on comparing conditions of monetary provision.
- First, with regard to minimum income schemes for lone mothers, long-term unemployed and working poor WP 5 addresses how the relevant ministries (social, labour, education, family), the different political levels (national, regional, local) and important actors (public, private and organised civil society) are coordinated at the national level and how reforms for integrated and participatory active inclusion policy are developed. Consequently, WP 5’s objective is to explain the different national reform paths for both programmatic and organisational (marketisation, decentralisation and contractualisation) renewal in the five countries involved in the project, representing distinct combinations of these patterns of coordination, cooperation and partnership in the field of minimum income schemes.
- Secondly, in the attempt to compare European-national-local governance models of minimum income schemes in Europe, this WP analyses the national institutional context of policies and organisational instruments (marketisation, decentralisation and contractualisation) structuring minimum income schemes for lone mothers, long-term unemployed and working poor.